socio economic impacts of acid mine drainage

  • Environmental Management and Sustainable Development ...

    Acid Mine Drainage, Socio-economic impacts. Control measures. Pollution due to noise and vibrations. Reclamation of mined out and subsided areas. Mine closure. Environmental policies. Environmental Management Plan. Environmental Impact Assessment. Risk Analysis. Disaster management plan. Preparation of EMP for various mineral industries.

  • An assessment of the impacts of acid mine drainage on ...

    Suvania Naidoo, 2015. "An assessment of the impacts of acid mine drainage on socio-economic development in the Witwatersrand: South Africa," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 17(5), pages 1045-1063, October.

  • An assessment of the impacts of acid mine drainage on ...

     · The problem arises when contaminated water in the form of acid mine drainage (AMD) reaches the river basin systems and affects water usages important for socio-economic development. This article looks at the impacts of AMD on different constituencies in the Witwatersrand Basin for the South African society and on sustainable socio-economic ...

  • Incorporating the Signs of Safety Approach in Social ...

    dealing with the socio impacts. Townships of Mohlakeng, Toekomsrus, Bekkersdal are the most affected areas of water contaminated with AMD due to the unattended abandoned mines or closed mines spillage. In 2002 the water that reached the surface showed poor quality due to acid mine drainage (Fourie

  • PREFACE APPENDIX A.4R: Report on Laboratory Geotechnical ...

    Socio-Economic Management Plan Road Use Plan Economic Impacts of the Casino Mine Project ... The Effect of Acid Rock Drainage on Casino Creek Casino Kinetic Testwork 2014 Update for Ore, Waste Rock and Tailings ... Economic Impacts of the Casino Mine Project Heritage Resources Assessment Areas Heritage Sites Summary

  • Management and Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage in South ...

    The effect of acid mine drainage (AMD) can occur indefinitely and as such its impact is not only felt by the existing mining operations but also on the environment and associated communities long after mining has ended. The processes responsible for its formation are autocatalytic and once it occurs on a large scale, it cannot be stopped.

  • Acid Mine Drainage: Sources, Impacts and Prevention

     · Acid Mine Drainage: Sources, Impacts and Prevention Authors: Rinaldo John 1, Varsha Singla 2, Meenu Goyal 3, Pardeep Kumar 4 and Ankit Singla 1,* 1 Department of Industrial Microbiology, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad 211-007, Uttar Pradesh, India 2 TFS Lab., Dairy Microbiology Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal 132 …

  • Management of Environmental Impacts from Coal Mining …

    Impacts of Acid Mine Drainage In the order of 50ML/d of mine water discharges into the Olifants River catchment (Maree et al., 2004). The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) estimates the post-closure decant from defunct coal mines at,62ML/d (DWAF, 2004). The management of

  • Environmental issues – Centre for Environmental Rights

    Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) occurs when polluted water decants from mines and flows over pyrite, which is commonly known as "fool''s gold". When pyrite is exposed to oxygen and water, a reaction takes place between the sulphides in the ore rock, and sulphuric acid is formed. ... The environmental and socio-economic impact of mining on ...

  • Impacts of Coal mining: a Review of Methods and Parameters ...

     · Acid Mine Drainage. Acid mine drainage is one of the most significant and severe environmental problems associated with the coal mining industry. The main cause of acid mine drainage is the occurrence of pyrite and sulphide minerals in the coal seam rocks. During mining coal beds and surrounding strata are disrupted.

  • Acid mine drainage

    Acid mine drainage, acid and metalliferous drainage (AMD), or acid rock drainage (ARD) is the outflow of acidic water from metal mines or coal mines.. Acid rock drainage occurs naturally within some environments as part of the rock weathering process but is exacerbated by large-scale earth disturbances characteristic of mining and other large construction activities, usually within rocks ...

  • Environmental and Socio-economic Impact of Mining Solid ...

    According to Safe Drinking Water Foundation there are four main types of mining impacts on water quality: (1) Acid Mine Drainage (sulphuric acid is produced when sulphides in rocks are exposed to air and water). (2) Heavy Metal Contamination & Leaching (pollution caused when such metals as arsenic, cobalt, copper, cadmium, lead, silver and zinc ...

  • APPENDIX A.22F: Socio-Economic Management Plan

    A.22F – SOCIO-ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT PLAN A.22F.1 INTRODUCTION The purpose of the Socio-Economic Management Plan (SEMP) is to manage the socio-economic effects of the Casino Mine Project (the Project) on potentially affected First Nations and communities. The SEMP describes

  • Acid Mine Drainage and Human Rights

    impact of mining on the security of water resources a matter of grave concern. One aspect of the impact of mining on water, that has received attention over the years, is that of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD). AMD is a side effect of mining operations the world over. It occurs through natural runoff after rains flush through a mine dump; from mine

  • DEVELOPMENT ACTORS AND THE ISSUES OF ACID MINE …

    Acid Mine Drainage 118 . 5.3 Negative Socio-Economic Impacts of Acid Mine Drainage: Agriculture as a Case Study 127 : 5.3.1 The Krugersdorp Game Reserve 127 5.3.2 Lotter farm Krugersdorp 128 5.3.3 Farming activities in the Fochville district 128 5.3.4 Wonderfontein Catchment area 129 5.4 Possible Solutions to the Socio-Economic Impact (Mainly in

  • Technical Document: Acid Mine Drainage Prediction

    The formation of mine acid drainage and the contaminants associated with it has been described by some as the largest environmental problem facing the U.S. mining industry (U.S. Forest Service 1993, Ferguson and Erickson 1988, Lapakko 1993b). Commonly referred to as acid rock drainage (ARD) or acid mine drainage

  • The status and implications of the AMD legacy facing South ...

    The resultant formation of acid mine drainage and mine subsidence have an immediate effect on the water environment due to the connection of underground water bodies to the mined ... minimize environmental and socio-economic impacts with guidelines on how to achieve compliance with the laws concerned with mining activities. However, for a

  • 0001 Coal Extraction Impact report v1.0 Final version (30 ...

    ARM Acid Mine Drainage CA Coal Authority EA Environment Agency ... Economy: Coal extraction has been instrumental in the socio-economic history of the South ... activity associated with any deep coal mine operation. Health Impacts: Reducing coal extraction is …

  • Acid Mine Drainage: The Potential for Economic and ...

     · Background. Acid mine drainage (AMD) refers to the process by which sulphides found in mining waste are oxidised, leading to the subsequent release of pollutants lphide is typical present in the form of pyrite (FeS 2), which is the largest contributor of AMD, though other metal sulphide ores are common sources.. Oxidation of pyrite occurs after it is exposed to oxygen and water, releasing ...

  • Mining affected areas and its impact on livelihoods ...

     · Impact on water. The water bodies of the coal mining areas are the greatest victims in terms of qualitative degradation and quantitative depletion. The streams and rivers are badly affected by contamination of acid mine drainage originating from mines and spoils, leaching of heavy metals, organic enrichment and silting by coal and sand particles.

  • The Key Factor of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) in the History ...

     · These facts indicate that the change in socio-economic conditions is closely connected with resource development in the U.S. The rapid expansion of the resource production had been conducted for acquiring wealth regardless of environmental impacts. 2.1.2. Occurrence of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD): The 20th and the 21st Centuries

  • An assessment of the impacts of acid mine drainage on ...

     · A media report stated that ''essentially if the department does not implement certain remedial measures, rising subsurface acid mine drainage in the Central Basin may yield undesirable environmental and socio-economic impacts'' in the case of Gold Reef City and the tourism mine museum will be permanently affected (Jordan 2012: 10). In October ...

  • Socio-economic Impact of Acid Mine Drainage | SpringerLink

     · The impacts of AMD can then be linked to the policy response. This chapter, therefore, discusses the socio-economic impacts of AMD. It incorporates the environmental, social, economic and health impacts that contaminated mine water has or could have on communities who live in areas surrounding a mine.

  • My Graced Journey: Acid Mine Drainage on the Witwatersrand

     · Furthermore, waste from gold mines is the largest single source of waste and pollution in South Africa and there is a wide acceptance that Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) is responsible for the most costly environmental and socio-economic impacts (Oelofse, Hobbs, Rascher and Cobbing. 2007:1).

  • Front image: Acid Mine Drainage in an abandoned, collapsed ...

    The impact of mining operations on the physical and socio-economic environment can be complex. The effects of decisions made by the mine owners and operators, regulatory authorities, or civil society stakeholders are difficult to assess and predict. In some cases, the impacts only become apparent over a long time-scale (up to decades).

  • The economic and environmental ...

    streams or through the natural process of acid mine drainage. Acid mine drainage, which aff ects an estimated 70% of the world''s mine sites, is produced when water and oxygen form a weak acid that reacts with exposed rock containing sulphide minerals. Th e minerals dissolve in the acidic water, creating a toxic cocktail of metals and water.

  • Sustainable resolutions for environmental threat of the ...

     · Abstract. Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) caused by abandoned mines is an enormous source of negative impact on the environment and the species that inhabit it. The low levels of pH and high concentration of metals and metalloids (copper, gadolinium, lithium, etc.) in mining pits with standing water lead to changing the balance of surrounding ...

  • Acid Mine Drainage & interventions: Department of Water ...

     · Acid Mine Drainage & interventions: Department of Water and Sanitation & Chamber of Mines briefings ... The effects on labour relations, socio-economic development, occupational health, safety, and corporate policies and regulatory shortcomings were discussed. It was also pointed out that the mining industry led to creation of new towns ...

  • Case Study Acid Mine Drainage South Africa

    Impacts of acid mine drainage []. The social and environmental effects of acid mine drainage are linked. Outflow of acidic effluent into surface water bodies used for domestic water supplies, and subsurface flow of acid mine water into areas of aquifers where groundwater is abstracted for domestic use, has severely affected many people''s water supplies.

  • Integrative Bioassessment of Acid Mine Drainage Impacts …

    Acid mine drainage (AMD), a result of oxidation of minerals containing reduced forms of sulfur (pyrites, sulfides) upon exposure to water and oxygen, is an environmental problem associated with abandoned mined lands (AML). Numerous studies have documented the impacts of AMD upon aquatic communities within acidified stream

  • Community perceptions on the health risks of acid mine ...

     · Acid mine drainage, which has had a severe socio-economic impact on, and is an expensive financial burden for, the South African government and society, is just another example of the weaknesses in enforcement of legislation and the apportionment of liability.

  • Comparison of social costs of underground and open-cast ...

    hard to assign economic values to all socio-economic impacts from UG and OC mining. This paper provides a methodology for comparison of the social and economic costs of UG and OC mining. Section 2 of this paper presents an overview of some potential impacts of coal mining on environmental, social and economic systems focusing on UG and OC mining.

  • David Fig – The Conversation

    ''Corrosion and Externalities: The Socio-Economic Impacts of Acid Mine Drainage on the Witwatersrand'', Pp. 300-320 in J Daniel, P Naidoo, D Pillay and R …