the exploitation of natural resources and land grabbing

  • Grabbing land legally: A Marxist analysis | Leiden Journal ...

     · 1. Introduction ''Land-grabbing'', it seems, remains all the rage. Typically understood today as the acquisition or lease of large tracts of land in developing countries by wealthy states and corporate investors, usually for engaging in agribusiness and securing reliable sources of food and biofuel, ''land-grabbing'' has established itself as a staple in the lexicon of countless advocacy ...

  • Stop the Land-Grabbing! – Ozeanien-Dialog

    Land is a central component of the societies on the Pacific Islands, and almost everywhere land and people are interdependent. However, this unity is threatened in several ways: by the ruthless exploitation of natural resources, land grabbing and the effects of the climate crisis.

  • Natural Resources Conflict in the Democratic Republic of ...

    conflict financing through the exploitation of natural resources.8 Valuable natural resources like diamonds, gold, oil, timber, and even drug crops and medicinal plants, have been found to be ... it also allows for land grabbing, the purchase of occupied land, and the eviction of

  • The Practice of Land Grabbing and Its Compatibility with ...

     · The Practice of Land Grabbing and Its Compatibility with the Exercise of Territorial Sovereignty In: Natural Resources Grabbing: An International Law Perspective. Author: Federica Violi. ... Water Resources'' Exploitation and Trade Flows: The Impact of International Trade Law ...

  • Natural Resources and Conflict | Helvetas

    Official laws regarding natural resources management do often not match with traditional indigenous user rights and regulations, thus causing conflicts between government officials and local users. Privatisation policies of common natural resources or services can trigger serious (political) conflicts within a society (e.g. land grabbing).

  • The Big Green Lie

    It is vital that real solutions are put forward to address these urgent problems and that the real cause – exploitation of natural resources for profit and growing overconsumption, driven by the Global North – is properly acknowledged and discussed. ... It will be the biggest land grab in world history and it will reduce hundreds of ...

  • Land Grabbing As A Process Of State-Building In Kachin ...

    Land Grabbing As A Process Of State-Building In Kachin Areas, North Shan ... practices of the interactions between the neoliberal agenda, state interventions, power relations and exploitation. Generally, Land grabbing can be perceived as a means for political and economic ... As a result, discrimination and exploitation of natural resources by ...

  • Foreign Direct Investments or Economic Exploitation of ...

    `Land grabbing'' in Africa ... economic exploitation or land grabbing but contribute to national productivity and economic development of the continent. ... natural resources as clearly exemplified by the Nigeria''s case. Consequently, African countries had intensified

  • ICC widens remit to include environmental destruction ...

     · Land-grabbing has become increasingly common worldwide, with national and local governments allocating private companies tens of millions of hectares of land in the past 10 years.

  • Notes on Global Structural Inequality: Land and Neoliberal ...

    Some have argued that large-scale land deals are creating another scramble for Africa''s natural resources and these land grabs will ultimately lead to environmental damages, food insecurity, marginalization and dispossession of rural communities (Moyo, 2008 [4]; Oakland Institute [5], 2010; Carmody, 2011 [6]).

  • Natural Resources Grabbing: An International Law …

    7 Tackling the Grabbing of Genetic Resources and of Associated Traditional Knowledge through the Nagoya Protocol 139 Francesca Romania Jacur 8 Natural Resource Grabbing: The Case of Tropical Forests and KEDÜ+ 159 Annalisa Savaresi 9 International Land Investments or the Environment Put up for Auction: The Case of the Niger Basin 181

  • "Land grabbing, corruption, human rights abuse – the ...

    Julian Oram is Land Campaign leader at Global Witness.. Many of the world''s worst environmental and human rights abuses are driven by the exploitation of natural resources and corruption in the global political and economic system.

  • Land grabbing and environmental destruction could now be ...

     · Land grabbing and environmental destruction could now be prosecuted under international law. In a detailed policy paper on case selection and prioritization released last week, ICC Prosecutor ...

  • Territorial Peace and Land Grabbing in Colombia ...

     · 9 Through land restitution schemes, for example. 10 According to Franco et al., from an economic policy perspective, this constitutes land grabbing in the current context: "It refers to the capturing of power to control land and other associated resources like water, minerals or forests, in order to control the benefits of its use". Franco et al.

  • DISPOSSESSION AND EXPLOITATION

    agricultural development, exploitation of Palestinian labor, control of tourist sites and natural resources, and placement of Israeli environmental-nuisance disposal facilities in the area. The last chapter of the report describes the prohibitions established in international humanitarian law on exploitation of the resources of occupied ...

  • Natural Resources Grabbing: An International Law ...

    The growing demand for natural resources has triggered a "race" to their exploitation and possession, especially in developing countries. Most desired are water, land, forests, raw materials (oil, gas, mineral and precious stones), fisheries and genetic resources.

  • International court to prosecute environmental crimes in ...

     · The International Criminal Court (ICC) said on Thursday it would start focusing on crimes linked to environmental destruction, the illegal exploitation of natural resources and unlawful ...

  • Land-grabs, Biopiracy and the Inversion of Justice in ...

     · The negative label of ''land-grab'' is applied when such transactions ''violate human rights, lack the participation and prior and informed consent of land users, and do not take into consideration social and environmental impact assessments'' ( Geary 2012; Heinimann and Messerli 2014).

  • Policy paper on case selection and prioritisation

     · serious crime under national law, such as the illegal exploitation of natural resources, arms trafficking, human trafficking, terrorism, financial crimes, land grabbing or the destruction of the environment.10 Finally, the Office recalls that it fully endorses the role that can be …

  • International Criminal Court to prioritise prosecution of ...

     · Hurdle 1 – individual criminal responsibility: Where corporate involvement in land-grabbing, widespread environmental destruction or illegal exploitation of natural resources amounting to an international crime is alleged, it must be established that the relevant executive at that company bears individual criminal responsibility for that ...

  • The nexus of land grabbing and livelihood of farming ...

     · Land grabbing has a high effect on the financial and natural resources of farming s in Ghana compared to human resource which is moderately affected by land grabbing activities. The effect of land grabbing on s'' livelihood assets varies significantly among the regions examined in this study.

  • Environmental destruction is now a crime against humanity ...

    The illegal exploitation of natural resources. Along with land grabs, the ICC will also prosecute crimes that are committed by means of, or result in, the destruction of the environment, the illegal exploitation of natural resources or the illegal dispossession.

  • Grabbing land legally: A Marxist analysis

    Farmland and the Rights of Land Users'', (2011) 52 HILJ 503; O. De Schutter, ''How Not To Think of Land-Grabbing: Three Critiques of Large-Scale Investments in …

  • Land grabbing, investors, and indigenous peoples: new ...

     · Arguably land grabbing is not a new phenomenon, because forced land dispossession of local populations to ensure the commercial exploitation of their natural resources is sadly part of our global history, but this current wave of land grab is nonetheless based on important shifts in terms of land usage and agricultural production.

  • Company executives could now be tried for land grabs and ...

     · Company executives, politicians and other individuals could now be held criminally responsible under international law for crimes linked to land grabbing and environmental destruction. Global Witness has been campaigning for the ICC to investigate crimes committed amid the global rush for land and natural resources, which has seen an area the ...

  • Lawless land in no man''s land: The undesignated public ...

     · They are the target of land grabbing, speculation and exploitation of natural resources. • 2.6 million hectares (5%) had been deforested by 2018. • 11.6 million hectares (23 %) have been illegally registered as "private property". • Recent policy changes urge for immediate actions toward rainforest protection.

  • farmlandgrab | ICC will investigate environmental ...

     · The policy announcement comes at a critical time with land grabbing becoming one of the greatest human rights challenges of our time. With the rise of the world''s population and higher consumption levels, enormous pressure has been placed on natural resources.

  • LAND, POWER AND INEQUALITY

     · competition for land has intensified, with a rapid expansion of activities based on the extraction and exploitation of natural resources. This is a very unequal struggle between powerful actors who accumulate the benefits of that exploitation, and millions of people whose rights are affected— especially indigenous, Afro-descendant and

  • Land grabbing and International Criminal Law

    Land grabs and exploitation of natural resources disproportionately affect indigenous peoples and other marginalised groups like women, children and people with disabilities. All over the world, there are numerous cases of businesses bypassing national and international

  • TNRC

    Transparent Governance of Natural Resources | May 2021 | Partner Resource. ... illegal mining, land grabbing, illegal logging, and wildlife trafficking. All of them were tracked as part of a USAID-funded project, ... the illegal seizure and private exploitation of land explicitly set aside for a public or protected purpose. It also reveals how ...

  • Can the ICC Combat the Illegal Exploitation of Resources ...

     · Based on some of my previous research on the area of overlap between international crimes and violations of economic, social and cultural rights, I outline the limitations and potentials of international criminal law as an instrument against the illegal exploitation of resources and the illegal dispossession of land (''land-grabbing ...

  • Land Grabbing in Latin America: Another Natural Resource ...

    Abstract. In recent years, land grabbing has become widespread in Latin America, following similar trends in Africa. Multilateral agencies have sought to explain this phenomenon by arguing that these investments in land are driven by the rich endowments of natural resources of …

  • AGTER

    Internationa planning committee for food sovereignty (IPC), Civil Society Organizations'' proposal to the FAO Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Land and Natural Resources Tenure. March 2011. Cochet, H; Merlet, M.. Land grabbing and share of the value added in agricultural processes. A new look at the distribution of land revenues.

  • The Exploitation Of Africa''s Resources By Foreign ...

     · The Exploitation Of Africa''s Resources By Foreign Countries Must Come To An End In 2020. By Joel Savage. Ghana loses millions of dollars of its resources to exploitation by foreign companies. Listen to article. The natural resources in Africa have been extracted and exploited for centuries, by the developed world and foreign companies.

  • Land Grab or Development Planning Strategy: An analysis …

    Land grab has been aining global attention, not only from the media, g but also from Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and international organizations such as ... population in foreign lands by European countries for the exploitation of natural resources, the . 2 current trend differs. The current international land rushis operating in an ...

  • The scale and impact of land grabbing for agrofuels

    other natural resources exploited for the benefit of richer countries, there is a risk that agrofuels, and with them, Africa''s agricultural land and natural resources, will be exported abroad with minimal benefit for local communities and national economies. Recommendations for action 1. Put a brake on land grabbing

  • Resistance, acquiescence or incorporation? Land grabbing ...

    In the midst of enclosures and commercialization of land and other natural resources across the global South, tensions and synergies mark political reactions ''from below'' to global land grabbing. A fuller understanding of the politics from below around land grabs brings us to some classic concepts in critical agrarian studies, including the ...

  • Litigation Strategies To Embed Climate Change In Land ...

     · Two recent cases on land grabbing in Thailand and Cambodia illustrate how climate change claims are embedded within wider litigation strategies that seek enforcement of environmental laws. Cambodia: Ecocide strategy ... the illegal exploitation of natural resources, or the illegal dispossession of land" 6. The ICC''s prosecutor, Ms. Fatou ...

  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES …

    Natural resources management and climate change in South Sudan ... which include rapid deforestation, land grabbing, and insecure, vulnerable livelihoods for large sections of the population. Indicators of these ... 5.3.4 Oil exploitation 35 5.4 Natural forest 36 5.4.1 Clearing for cultivation 36

  • New Agriculturist: Developments

    ''Land grabbing'' - realising the benefits ''Land grabbing'' - realising the benefits ... Unequal power relations leave smallholders at risk of exploitation, eviction and loss of land, without consultation or compensation, particularly if land rights are customary and not legally recognised. ... by taking away the natural resources on which their ...

  • Land grabbing

    Land grabbing is the contentious issue of large-scale land acquisitions: the buying or leasing of large pieces of land by domestic and transnational companies, governments, and individuals.. While used broadly throughout history, land grabbing as used in the 21st century primarily refers to large-scale land acquisitions following the 2007–08 world food price crisis.

  • LAND GRABBING, INVESTMENTS & INDIGENOUS PEOPLES'' …

    ties globally. In what has been labelled ''land grabbing'', lands globally, notably by foreign investors in search of arable land and natural resources. Land grabbing and external pressure on indigenous peoples'' lands has be-come a widespread reality all around the world due to large-scale development projects, the establishment of

  • Lands Grabs and Other Destructive Environmental Practices ...

     · "In many countries around the world, land grabbing is the harbinger for illegal resource exploitation, persecution of indigenous people, and environmental …

  • Threats to sustainable development posed by land and water ...

     · Increasing pressure on natural resources, population growth and hydro-climatic change all contribute to the spread of a ''water grabbing'' syndrome associated with the global land rush. In light of the global consensus on the SDGs, land and water grabbing can be described as a fundamental challenge to global and local sustainability.

  • Current Challenges of Laws for Preservation of Forest and ...

     · Natural Resources grabbing is an important problem for our environment ... conservation, development and exploitation of natural resources. The formulation and enforcement of appropriate acts will preserve and sustain forest and ... without permission from the Natural Resources Departments, the land tenure is approved for private persons, and ...